Here is what the Constitution says:
Article 1 Section 2
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
Article 1 Section 3
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
Article II Section 4
The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
So let’s review, the House of Representatives accuses the President of misdemeanors and high crimes and the Senate holds the trial. On January 13th, President Donald Trump was accused of inciting a riot. The Senate must hold a trial for the accusations. This is written into the Constitution. It doesn’t matter that the sitting President when the accusations are made becomes out-of-office or not three weeks later. The Senate must conduct the trial.
If convicted of the accusations, the former President cannot hold an appointed or elected position in the federal government. That is what the Constitution says…”Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States:…”
There is nothing ambiguous about this. Those who claim that a trial for impeachment after a President or Vice-President leaves office is unconstitutional are making a false claim. In fact, the trial affirms consensus among BOTH Houses that there is agreement the impeachment is valid or says unequivocally the claim is invalid.
Those who claim it doesn’t make a difference are short-sighted. A trial brings closure to the government and to the individual. Otherwise it will hang like a dark cloud over the person and the government.
This should be clear to everyone who can read. The dishonorable will misrepresent the words. That is what they do. Don’t be taken in.