Adoption in the USA

If you don’t know anything about adoption, then you may wish to read the Wikipedia article on adoption in the US.

Because of changes in adoption over the last few decades – changes that include open adoption, gay adoption, international adoptions and trans-racial (racial transformation) adoptions, and a focus on moving children out of the foster care system into adoptive families – adoption has had a large impact on the basic unit of society and the family.[15]

Adoption research scholars have reported seven core issues to consistently be associated with the unnatural processes of adoption. Problems with loss, grief, rejection, guilt and shame, identity, intimacy, and control uniquely affect each member of the adoption triad. It is important to be mindful of the realities of adoptions as they permanently impact those involved.[16]

Of interest to me is this:

No sooner were US adoptions made secretive with original birth records sealed, than those adopted began to seek reform. Jean Paton, author of Breaking Silence and founder of Orphan Voyage in 1954, is regarded as the mother of adoption reform and reunification efforts. Jean Paton mentored adoptee Judith Land, “Adoption Detective: Memoir of an Adopted Child” during her adoption search. Florence Fisher organized The ALMA Society (Adoptees Liberation Movement Association) in 1972, Emma May Vilardi created International Soundex Reunion Registry (ISRR) in 1975, Lee Campbell and other birthmothers joined the fight for Open Records forming Concerned United Birthparents (CUB) in 1976, and by the spring of 1979 representatives of 32 organizations from 33 states, Canada and Mexico gathered together in DC to establish the American Adoption Congress (AAC). The Triadoption Library began keeping records in 1978 showing 52 search/support/reform organizations, by 1985 there were over 550 worldwide.[33]

Adoption Reform encompasses family preservation, adoptees’ access to original birth certificates, birth and adoptive families having direct access to each other (open adoption) and all related records (open records).

…and this…

The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980; 113th Congress) passed the United States House of Representatives on July 23, 2014.[38] It is a bill that would address federal adoption incentives and would amend the Social Security Act (SSA) to require the state plan for foster care and adoption assistance to demonstrate that the state agency has developed policies and procedures for identifying, documenting in agency records, and determining appropriate services with respect to, any child or youth over whom the state agency has responsibility for placement, care, or supervision who the state has reasonable cause to believe is, or is at risk of being, a victim of sex trafficking or a severe form of trafficking in persons.[39][40] The bill H.R. 4980 passed the Senate on September 9, 2014, and President Obama signed it into law on September 29.[41]

If you have read my three postings about abortion, foster care, and adoption, I applaud you. Too many people have opinions on all three of these and those opinions are not rooted in an understanding of the issue. Thanks for reading me.

Comments welcome.

Foster Care and Orphanages

In the US, government-run orphanages no longer exist. They were replaced by Foster Care programs in the 1950s.

However, there are private orphanages in the US. This one is dedicated to children who were orphaned due to violence.

The US Foster Care system is well-covered in Wikipedia.

I encourage you to read all three links to become more aware of children who do not have parents to take care of them or children who have been removed from their parents because their parents were harming them.

Here’s a bit of history related to Foster Care:

In the United States, foster care started as a result of the efforts of Charles Loring Brace. “In the mid 19th Century, some 30,000 homeless or neglected children lived in the New York City streets and slums.”[9] Brace took these children off the streets and placed them with families in most states in the country. Brace believed the children would do best with a Christian farm family. He did this to save them from “a lifetime of suffering”[10] He sent these children to families by train, which gave the name The Orphan Train Movement. “[This] lasted from 1853 to the early 1890s [1929?] and transported more than 120,000 [250,000?] children to new lives.”[11] When Brace died in 1890, his sons took over his work of the Children’s Aid Society until they retired.[10] The Children’s Aid Society created “a foster care approach that became the basis for the federal Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997″ called Concurrent Planning. This greatly impacted the foster care system. Children’s Aid works with the biological and foster parents to “achieve permanency”.[9] “From the mid-1800s to the eve of the Great Depression, orphan train children were placed with families who pre-selected them with an order form, specifying age, gender, hair and eye color. In other cases, trainloads of children were assembled on stages, train platforms or town halls and examined by prospective parents. “Conjuring the image of picking the best apple from the bin. Sometimes a child would be separated from his or her brothers and sisters, or would end up in a family that only wanted them to work. Most of the time the children were chosen by a loving or childless family”.[12

And here are a few statistics:

In 2016, there were 437,465 children in foster care in the United States.[14] 48% were in nonrelative foster homes, 26% were in relative foster homes, 9% in institutions, 6% in group homes, 5% on trial home visits (where the child returns home while under state supervision), 4% in preadoptive homes, 2% had run away, and 1% in supervised independent living.[15] Of 254,114 who exited foster care in 2010, 51% were reunited with parents or caretakers, 21% were adopted, 11% were emancipated (as minors or by aging out), 8% went to live with another relative, 6% went to live with a guardian, and 3% had other outcomes.[16] Of these children, the median length of time spent in foster care was 13.5 months. 13% were in care for less than 1 month, 33% for 1 to 11 months, 24% for 12 to 23 months, 12% for 24 to 35 months, 10% for 3 to 4 years, and 7% for 5 years or more.[13]

ReasonableCitizen on Abortion

Wikipedia has a wealth of information about abortion and the perspectives of Americans regarding abortions. Give it a read if you still have an open mind. Or not as the case might be.

I’m not about to argue whether a woman controls her body, or whether her husband can control it, or whether the father of the unborn should control it, or whether the parents of a minor child can assert their will over their child’s pregnancy.

And I’m not about to argue whether this has a moral component, or a state’s right component or a federal component.

And I’m not about to argue when is a fetus viable or not.

And I’m not about to argue whether the mother, the father, or the abortion provider should go to jail.

I am just going to ask one question: Why is it any of your business?

Please comment below. Thanks for sharing your opinion.